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AVAILABLE LESSONS:

Lesson 1

Iterations

Lesson 2

Arrays

Lesson 3

Time Complexity

Lesson 4

Counting Elements

Lesson 5

Prefix Sums

Lesson 6

Sorting

Lesson 7

Stacks and Queues

Lesson 8

Leader

Lesson 9

Maximum slice problem

Lesson 10

Prime and composite numbers

Lesson 11

Sieve of Eratosthenes

Lesson 12

Euclidean algorithm

Lesson 13

Fibonacci numbers

Lesson 14

Binary search algorithm

Lesson 15

Caterpillar method

Lesson 16

Greedy algorithms

Lesson 17

Dynamic programming

Lesson 90

Tasks from Indeed Prime 2015 challenge

Lesson 91

Tasks from Indeed Prime 2016 challenge

Lesson 92

Tasks from Indeed Prime 2016 College Coders challenge

Lesson 99

Future training

Spoken language:

A *binary gap* within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N.

For example, number 9 has binary representation `1001` and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation `1000010001` and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length 3. The number 20 has binary representation `10100` and contains one binary gap of length 1. The number 15 has binary representation `1111` and has no binary gaps. The number 32 has binary representation `100000` and has no binary gaps.

Write a function:

int solution(int N);

that, given a positive integer N, returns the length of its longest binary gap. The function should return 0 if N doesn't contain a binary gap.

For example, given N = 1041 the function should return 5, because N has binary representation `10000010001` and so its longest binary gap is of length 5. Given N = 32 the function should return 0, because N has binary representation '100000' and thus no binary gaps.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..2,147,483,647].

Copyright 2009–2021 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A *binary gap* within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N.

For example, number 9 has binary representation `1001` and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation `1000010001` and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length 3. The number 20 has binary representation `10100` and contains one binary gap of length 1. The number 15 has binary representation `1111` and has no binary gaps. The number 32 has binary representation `100000` and has no binary gaps.

Write a function:

int solution(int N);

that, given a positive integer N, returns the length of its longest binary gap. The function should return 0 if N doesn't contain a binary gap.

For example, given N = 1041 the function should return 5, because N has binary representation `10000010001` and so its longest binary gap is of length 5. Given N = 32 the function should return 0, because N has binary representation '100000' and thus no binary gaps.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..2,147,483,647].

Copyright 2009–2021 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A *binary gap* within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N.

For example, number 9 has binary representation `1001` and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation `1000010001` and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length 3. The number 20 has binary representation `10100` and contains one binary gap of length 1. The number 15 has binary representation `1111` and has no binary gaps. The number 32 has binary representation `100000` and has no binary gaps.

Write a function:

class Solution { public int solution(int N); }

that, given a positive integer N, returns the length of its longest binary gap. The function should return 0 if N doesn't contain a binary gap.

For example, given N = 1041 the function should return 5, because N has binary representation `10000010001` and so its longest binary gap is of length 5. Given N = 32 the function should return 0, because N has binary representation '100000' and thus no binary gaps.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..2,147,483,647].

Copyright 2009–2021 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

*binary gap* within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N.

`1001` and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation `1000010001` and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length 3. The number 20 has binary representation `10100` and contains one binary gap of length 1. The number 15 has binary representation `1111` and has no binary gaps. The number 32 has binary representation `100000` and has no binary gaps.

Write a function:

func Solution(N int) int

`10000010001` and so its longest binary gap is of length 5. Given N = 32 the function should return 0, because N has binary representation '100000' and thus no binary gaps.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..2,147,483,647].

*binary gap* within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N.

`1001` and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation `1000010001` and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length 3. The number 20 has binary representation `10100` and contains one binary gap of length 1. The number 15 has binary representation `1111` and has no binary gaps. The number 32 has binary representation `100000` and has no binary gaps.

Write a function:

class Solution { public int solution(int N); }

`10000010001` and so its longest binary gap is of length 5. Given N = 32 the function should return 0, because N has binary representation '100000' and thus no binary gaps.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..2,147,483,647].

*binary gap* within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N.

`1001` and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation `1000010001` and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length 3. The number 20 has binary representation `10100` and contains one binary gap of length 1. The number 15 has binary representation `1111` and has no binary gaps. The number 32 has binary representation `100000` and has no binary gaps.

Write a function:

class Solution { public int solution(int N); }

`10000010001` and so its longest binary gap is of length 5. Given N = 32 the function should return 0, because N has binary representation '100000' and thus no binary gaps.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..2,147,483,647].

*binary gap* within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N.

`1001` and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation `1000010001` and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length 3. The number 20 has binary representation `10100` and contains one binary gap of length 1. The number 15 has binary representation `1111` and has no binary gaps. The number 32 has binary representation `100000` and has no binary gaps.

Write a function:

function solution(N);

`10000010001` and so its longest binary gap is of length 5. Given N = 32 the function should return 0, because N has binary representation '100000' and thus no binary gaps.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..2,147,483,647].

*binary gap* within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N.

`1001` and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation `1000010001` and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length 3. The number 20 has binary representation `10100` and contains one binary gap of length 1. The number 15 has binary representation `1111` and has no binary gaps. The number 32 has binary representation `100000` and has no binary gaps.

Write a function:

fun solution(N: Int): Int

`10000010001` and so its longest binary gap is of length 5. Given N = 32 the function should return 0, because N has binary representation '100000' and thus no binary gaps.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..2,147,483,647].

*binary gap* within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N.

`1001` and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation `1000010001` and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length 3. The number 20 has binary representation `10100` and contains one binary gap of length 1. The number 15 has binary representation `1111` and has no binary gaps. The number 32 has binary representation `100000` and has no binary gaps.

Write a function:

function solution(N)

`10000010001` and so its longest binary gap is of length 5. Given N = 32 the function should return 0, because N has binary representation '100000' and thus no binary gaps.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..2,147,483,647].

*binary gap* within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N.

`1001` and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation `1000010001` and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length 3. The number 20 has binary representation `10100` and contains one binary gap of length 1. The number 15 has binary representation `1111` and has no binary gaps. The number 32 has binary representation `100000` and has no binary gaps.

Write a function:

int solution(int N);

`10000010001` and so its longest binary gap is of length 5. Given N = 32 the function should return 0, because N has binary representation '100000' and thus no binary gaps.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..2,147,483,647].

*binary gap* within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N.

`1001` and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation `1000010001` and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length 3. The number 20 has binary representation `10100` and contains one binary gap of length 1. The number 15 has binary representation `1111` and has no binary gaps. The number 32 has binary representation `100000` and has no binary gaps.

Write a function:

function solution(N: longint): longint;

`10000010001` and so its longest binary gap is of length 5. Given N = 32 the function should return 0, because N has binary representation '100000' and thus no binary gaps.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..2,147,483,647].

*binary gap* within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N.

`1001` and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation `1000010001` and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length 3. The number 20 has binary representation `10100` and contains one binary gap of length 1. The number 15 has binary representation `1111` and has no binary gaps. The number 32 has binary representation `100000` and has no binary gaps.

Write a function:

function solution($N);

`10000010001` and so its longest binary gap is of length 5. Given N = 32 the function should return 0, because N has binary representation '100000' and thus no binary gaps.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..2,147,483,647].

*binary gap* within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N.

`1001` and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation `1000010001` and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length 3. The number 20 has binary representation `10100` and contains one binary gap of length 1. The number 15 has binary representation `1111` and has no binary gaps. The number 32 has binary representation `100000` and has no binary gaps.

Write a function:

sub solution { my ($N)=@_; ... }

`10000010001` and so its longest binary gap is of length 5. Given N = 32 the function should return 0, because N has binary representation '100000' and thus no binary gaps.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..2,147,483,647].

*binary gap* within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N.

`1001` and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation `1000010001` and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length 3. The number 20 has binary representation `10100` and contains one binary gap of length 1. The number 15 has binary representation `1111` and has no binary gaps. The number 32 has binary representation `100000` and has no binary gaps.

Write a function:

def solution(N)

`10000010001` and so its longest binary gap is of length 5. Given N = 32 the function should return 0, because N has binary representation '100000' and thus no binary gaps.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..2,147,483,647].

*binary gap* within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N.

`1001` and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation `1000010001` and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length 3. The number 20 has binary representation `10100` and contains one binary gap of length 1. The number 15 has binary representation `1111` and has no binary gaps. The number 32 has binary representation `100000` and has no binary gaps.

Write a function:

def solution(n)

`10000010001` and so its longest binary gap is of length 5. Given N = 32 the function should return 0, because N has binary representation '100000' and thus no binary gaps.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..2,147,483,647].

*binary gap* within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N.

`1001` and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation `1000010001` and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length 3. The number 20 has binary representation `10100` and contains one binary gap of length 1. The number 15 has binary representation `1111` and has no binary gaps. The number 32 has binary representation `100000` and has no binary gaps.

Write a function:

object Solution { def solution(n: Int): Int }

`10000010001` and so its longest binary gap is of length 5. Given N = 32 the function should return 0, because N has binary representation '100000' and thus no binary gaps.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..2,147,483,647].

*binary gap* within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N.

`1001` and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation `1000010001` and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length 3. The number 20 has binary representation `10100` and contains one binary gap of length 1. The number 15 has binary representation `1111` and has no binary gaps. The number 32 has binary representation `100000` and has no binary gaps.

Write a function:

public func solution(_ N : Int) -> Int

`10000010001` and so its longest binary gap is of length 5. Given N = 32 the function should return 0, because N has binary representation '100000' and thus no binary gaps.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..2,147,483,647].

*binary gap* within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N.

`1001` and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation `1000010001` and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length 3. The number 20 has binary representation `10100` and contains one binary gap of length 1. The number 15 has binary representation `1111` and has no binary gaps. The number 32 has binary representation `100000` and has no binary gaps.

Write a function:

Private Function solution(N As Integer) As Integer

`10000010001` and so its longest binary gap is of length 5. Given N = 32 the function should return 0, because N has binary representation '100000' and thus no binary gaps.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..2,147,483,647].

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