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respectable
Count the minimum number of nails that allow a series of planks to be nailed.
Programming language:

You are given two non-empty arrays A and B consisting of N integers. These arrays represent N planks. More precisely, A[K] is the start and B[K] the end of the K−th plank.

Next, you are given a non-empty array C consisting of M integers. This array represents M nails. More precisely, C[I] is the position where you can hammer in the I−th nail.

We say that a plank (A[K], B[K]) is nailed if there exists a nail C[I] such that A[K] ≤ C[I] ≤ B[K].

The goal is to find the minimum number of nails that must be used until all the planks are nailed. In other words, you should find a value J such that all planks will be nailed after using only the first J nails. More precisely, for every plank (A[K], B[K]) such that 0 ≤ K < N, there should exist a nail C[I] such that I < J and A[K] ≤ C[I] ≤ B[K].

For example, given arrays A, B such that:

A[0] = 1 B[0] = 4 A[1] = 4 B[1] = 5 A[2] = 5 B[2] = 9 A[3] = 8 B[3] = 10

four planks are represented: [1, 4], [4, 5], [5, 9] and [8, 10].

Given array C such that:

C[0] = 4 C[1] = 6 C[2] = 7 C[3] = 10 C[4] = 2

if we use the following nails:

  • 0, then planks [1, 4] and [4, 5] will both be nailed.
  • 0, 1, then planks [1, 4], [4, 5] and [5, 9] will be nailed.
  • 0, 1, 2, then planks [1, 4], [4, 5] and [5, 9] will be nailed.
  • 0, 1, 2, 3, then all the planks will be nailed.

Thus, four is the minimum number of nails that, used sequentially, allow all the planks to be nailed.

Write a function:

class Solution { public int solution(int[] A, int[] B, int[] C); }

that, given two non-empty arrays A and B consisting of N integers and a non-empty array C consisting of M integers, returns the minimum number of nails that, used sequentially, allow all the planks to be nailed.

If it is not possible to nail all the planks, the function should return −1.

For example, given arrays A, B, C such that:

A[0] = 1 B[0] = 4 A[1] = 4 B[1] = 5 A[2] = 5 B[2] = 9 A[3] = 8 B[3] = 10 C[0] = 4 C[1] = 6 C[2] = 7 C[3] = 10 C[4] = 2

the function should return 4, as explained above.

Write an efficient algorithm for the following assumptions:

  • N and M are integers within the range [1..30,000];
  • each element of arrays A, B, C is an integer within the range [1..2*M];
  • A[K] ≤ B[K].
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