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AVAILABLE LESSONS:

Lesson 1

Iterations

Lesson 2

Arrays

Lesson 3

Time Complexity

Lesson 4

Counting Elements

Lesson 5

Prefix Sums

Lesson 6

Sorting

Lesson 7

Stacks and Queues

Lesson 8

Leader

Lesson 9

Maximum slice problem

Lesson 10

Prime and composite numbers

Lesson 11

Sieve of Eratosthenes

Lesson 12

Euclidean algorithm

Lesson 13

Fibonacci numbers

Lesson 14

Binary search algorithm

Lesson 15

Caterpillar method

Lesson 16

Greedy algorithms

Lesson 17

Dynamic programming

Count the number of passing cars on the road.

Spoken language:

A non-empty array A consisting of N integers is given. The consecutive elements of array A represent consecutive cars on a road.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

The goal is to count passing cars. We say that a pair of cars (P, Q), where 0 ≤ P < Q < N, is passing when P is traveling to the east and Q is traveling to the west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

int solution(int A[], int N);

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Copyright 2009–2023 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A non-empty array A consisting of N integers is given. The consecutive elements of array A represent consecutive cars on a road.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

The goal is to count passing cars. We say that a pair of cars (P, Q), where 0 ≤ P < Q < N, is passing when P is traveling to the east and Q is traveling to the west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

int solution(vector<int> &A);

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Copyright 2009–2023 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A non-empty array A consisting of N integers is given. The consecutive elements of array A represent consecutive cars on a road.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

The goal is to count passing cars. We say that a pair of cars (P, Q), where 0 ≤ P < Q < N, is passing when P is traveling to the east and Q is traveling to the west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

int solution(vector<int> &A);

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Copyright 2009–2023 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

class Solution { public int solution(int[] A); }

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

int solution(List<int> A);

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

func Solution(A []int) int

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

class Solution { public int solution(int[] A); }

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

class Solution { public int solution(int[] A); }

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

function solution(A);

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

fun solution(A: IntArray): Int

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

function solution(A)

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Note: All arrays in this task are zero-indexed, unlike the common Lua convention. You can use `#A` to get the length of the array A.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

int solution(NSMutableArray *A);

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

function solution(A: array of longint; N: longint): longint;

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

function solution($A);

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

sub solution { my (@A) = @_; ... }

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

def solution(A)

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

def solution(a)

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

object Solution { def solution(a: Array[Int]): Int }

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

public func solution(_ A : inout [Int]) -> Int

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

public func solution(_ A : inout [Int]) -> Int

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

function solution(A: number[]): number;

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.

Array A contains only 0s and/or 1s:

- 0 represents a car traveling east,
- 1 represents a car traveling west.

For example, consider array A such that:

We have five pairs of passing cars: (0, 1), (0, 3), (0, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4).

Write a function:

Private Function solution(A As Integer()) As Integer

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the number of pairs of passing cars.

The function should return −1 if the number of pairs of passing cars exceeds 1,000,000,000.

For example, given:

the function should return 5, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer that can have one of the following values: 0, 1.