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AVAILABLE LESSONS:

Lesson 1

Iterations

Lesson 2

Arrays

Lesson 3

Time Complexity

Lesson 4

Counting Elements

Lesson 5

Prefix Sums

Lesson 6

Sorting

Lesson 7

Stacks and Queues

Lesson 8

Leader

Lesson 9

Maximum slice problem

Lesson 10

Prime and composite numbers

Lesson 11

Sieve of Eratosthenes

Lesson 12

Euclidean algorithm

Lesson 13

Fibonacci numbers

Lesson 14

Binary search algorithm

Lesson 15

Caterpillar method

Lesson 16

Greedy algorithms

Lesson 17

Dynamic programming

Compute the number of intersections in a sequence of discs.

Spoken language:

We draw N discs on a plane. The discs are numbered from 0 to N − 1. An array A of N non-negative integers, specifying the radiuses of the discs, is given. The J-th disc is drawn with its center at (J, 0) and radius A[J].

We say that the J-th disc and K-th disc intersect if J ≠ K and the J-th and K-th discs have at least one common point (assuming that the discs contain their borders).

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

int solution(int A[], int N);

that, given an array A describing N discs as explained above, returns the number of (unordered) pairs of intersecting discs. The function should return −1 if the number of intersecting pairs exceeds 10,000,000.

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

Copyright 2009–2023 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

We draw N discs on a plane. The discs are numbered from 0 to N − 1. An array A of N non-negative integers, specifying the radiuses of the discs, is given. The J-th disc is drawn with its center at (J, 0) and radius A[J].

We say that the J-th disc and K-th disc intersect if J ≠ K and the J-th and K-th discs have at least one common point (assuming that the discs contain their borders).

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

int solution(vector<int> &A);

that, given an array A describing N discs as explained above, returns the number of (unordered) pairs of intersecting discs. The function should return −1 if the number of intersecting pairs exceeds 10,000,000.

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

Copyright 2009–2023 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

We draw N discs on a plane. The discs are numbered from 0 to N − 1. An array A of N non-negative integers, specifying the radiuses of the discs, is given. The J-th disc is drawn with its center at (J, 0) and radius A[J].

We say that the J-th disc and K-th disc intersect if J ≠ K and the J-th and K-th discs have at least one common point (assuming that the discs contain their borders).

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

int solution(vector<int> &A);

that, given an array A describing N discs as explained above, returns the number of (unordered) pairs of intersecting discs. The function should return −1 if the number of intersecting pairs exceeds 10,000,000.

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

Copyright 2009–2023 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

class Solution { public int solution(int[] A); }

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

int solution(List<int> A);

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

func Solution(A []int) int

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

class Solution { public int solution(int[] A); }

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

class Solution { public int solution(int[] A); }

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

function solution(A);

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

fun solution(A: IntArray): Int

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

function solution(A)

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

Note: All arrays in this task are zero-indexed, unlike the common Lua convention. You can use `#A` to get the length of the array A.

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

int solution(NSMutableArray *A);

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

function solution(A: array of longint; N: longint): longint;

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

function solution($A);

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

sub solution { my (@A) = @_; ... }

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

def solution(A)

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

def solution(a)

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

object Solution { def solution(a: Array[Int]): Int }

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

public func solution(_ A : inout [Int]) -> Int

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

function solution(A: number[]): number;

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

Private Function solution(A As Integer()) As Integer

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].