A string S consisting of N characters is considered to be *properly nested* if any of the following conditions is true:

- S is empty;
- S has the form "
`(U)`" or "`[U]`" or "`{U}`" where U is a properly nested string;
- S has the form "
`VW`" where V and W are properly nested strings.

For example, the string "`{[()()]}`" is properly nested but "`([)()]`" is not.

Write a function:

`int solution(char *S);`

that, given a string S consisting of N characters, returns 1 if S is properly nested and 0 otherwise.

For example, given S = "`{[()()]}`", the function should return 1 and given S = "`([)()]`", the function should return 0, as explained above.

Write an **efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..200,000];
- string S consists only of the following characters: "
`(`", "`{`", "`[`", "`]`", "`}`" and/or "`)`".

Copyright 2009–2022 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A string S consisting of N characters is considered to be *properly nested* if any of the following conditions is true:

- S is empty;
- S has the form "
`(U)`" or "`[U]`" or "`{U}`" where U is a properly nested string;
- S has the form "
`VW`" where V and W are properly nested strings.

For example, the string "`{[()()]}`" is properly nested but "`([)()]`" is not.

Write a function:

`int solution(string &S);`

that, given a string S consisting of N characters, returns 1 if S is properly nested and 0 otherwise.

For example, given S = "`{[()()]}`", the function should return 1 and given S = "`([)()]`", the function should return 0, as explained above.

Write an **efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..200,000];
- string S consists only of the following characters: "
`(`", "`{`", "`[`", "`]`", "`}`" and/or "`)`".

Copyright 2009–2022 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A string S consisting of N characters is considered to be *properly nested* if any of the following conditions is true:

- S is empty;
- S has the form "
`(U)`" or "`[U]`" or "`{U}`" where U is a properly nested string;
- S has the form "
`VW`" where V and W are properly nested strings.

For example, the string "`{[()()]}`" is properly nested but "`([)()]`" is not.

Write a function:

`class Solution { public int solution(string S); }`

that, given a string S consisting of N characters, returns 1 if S is properly nested and 0 otherwise.

For example, given S = "`{[()()]}`", the function should return 1 and given S = "`([)()]`", the function should return 0, as explained above.

Write an **efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..200,000];
- string S consists only of the following characters: "
`(`", "`{`", "`[`", "`]`", "`}`" and/or "`)`".

Copyright 2009–2022 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A string S consisting of N characters is considered to be *properly nested* if any of the following conditions is true:

- S is empty;
- S has the form "
`(U)`" or "`[U]`" or "`{U}`" where U is a properly nested string;
- S has the form "
`VW`" where V and W are properly nested strings.

For example, the string "`{[()()]}`" is properly nested but "`([)()]`" is not.

Write a function:

`func Solution(S string) int`

that, given a string S consisting of N characters, returns 1 if S is properly nested and 0 otherwise.

For example, given S = "`{[()()]}`", the function should return 1 and given S = "`([)()]`", the function should return 0, as explained above.

Write an **efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..200,000];
- string S consists only of the following characters: "
`(`", "`{`", "`[`", "`]`", "`}`" and/or "`)`".

Copyright 2009–2022 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A string S consisting of N characters is considered to be *properly nested* if any of the following conditions is true:

- S is empty;
- S has the form "
`(U)`" or "`[U]`" or "`{U}`" where U is a properly nested string;
- S has the form "
`VW`" where V and W are properly nested strings.

For example, the string "`{[()()]}`" is properly nested but "`([)()]`" is not.

Write a function:

`class Solution { public int solution(String S); }`

that, given a string S consisting of N characters, returns 1 if S is properly nested and 0 otherwise.

For example, given S = "`{[()()]}`", the function should return 1 and given S = "`([)()]`", the function should return 0, as explained above.

Write an **efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..200,000];
- string S consists only of the following characters: "
`(`", "`{`", "`[`", "`]`", "`}`" and/or "`)`".

Copyright 2009–2022 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A string S consisting of N characters is considered to be *properly nested* if any of the following conditions is true:

- S is empty;
- S has the form "
`(U)`" or "`[U]`" or "`{U}`" where U is a properly nested string;
- S has the form "
`VW`" where V and W are properly nested strings.

For example, the string "`{[()()]}`" is properly nested but "`([)()]`" is not.

Write a function:

`class Solution { public int solution(String S); }`

that, given a string S consisting of N characters, returns 1 if S is properly nested and 0 otherwise.

For example, given S = "`{[()()]}`", the function should return 1 and given S = "`([)()]`", the function should return 0, as explained above.

Write an **efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..200,000];
- string S consists only of the following characters: "
`(`", "`{`", "`[`", "`]`", "`}`" and/or "`)`".

Copyright 2009–2022 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A string S consisting of N characters is considered to be *properly nested* if any of the following conditions is true:

- S is empty;
- S has the form "
`(U)`" or "`[U]`" or "`{U}`" where U is a properly nested string;
- S has the form "
`VW`" where V and W are properly nested strings.

For example, the string "`{[()()]}`" is properly nested but "`([)()]`" is not.

Write a function:

`function solution(S);`

that, given a string S consisting of N characters, returns 1 if S is properly nested and 0 otherwise.

For example, given S = "`{[()()]}`", the function should return 1 and given S = "`([)()]`", the function should return 0, as explained above.

Write an **efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..200,000];
- string S consists only of the following characters: "
`(`", "`{`", "`[`", "`]`", "`}`" and/or "`)`".

Copyright 2009–2022 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A string S consisting of N characters is considered to be *properly nested* if any of the following conditions is true:

- S is empty;
- S has the form "
`(U)`" or "`[U]`" or "`{U}`" where U is a properly nested string;
- S has the form "
`VW`" where V and W are properly nested strings.

For example, the string "`{[()()]}`" is properly nested but "`([)()]`" is not.

Write a function:

`fun solution(S: String): Int`

that, given a string S consisting of N characters, returns 1 if S is properly nested and 0 otherwise.

For example, given S = "`{[()()]}`", the function should return 1 and given S = "`([)()]`", the function should return 0, as explained above.

Write an **efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..200,000];
- string S consists only of the following characters: "
`(`", "`{`", "`[`", "`]`", "`}`" and/or "`)`".

Copyright 2009–2022 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A string S consisting of N characters is considered to be *properly nested* if any of the following conditions is true:

- S is empty;
- S has the form "
`(U)`" or "`[U]`" or "`{U}`" where U is a properly nested string;
- S has the form "
`VW`" where V and W are properly nested strings.

For example, the string "`{[()()]}`" is properly nested but "`([)()]`" is not.

Write a function:

`function solution(S)`

that, given a string S consisting of N characters, returns 1 if S is properly nested and 0 otherwise.

For example, given S = "`{[()()]}`", the function should return 1 and given S = "`([)()]`", the function should return 0, as explained above.

Write an **efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..200,000];
- string S consists only of the following characters: "
`(`", "`{`", "`[`", "`]`", "`}`" and/or "`)`".

Copyright 2009–2022 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A string S consisting of N characters is considered to be *properly nested* if any of the following conditions is true:

- S is empty;
- S has the form "
`(U)`" or "`[U]`" or "`{U}`" where U is a properly nested string;
- S has the form "
`VW`" where V and W are properly nested strings.

For example, the string "`{[()()]}`" is properly nested but "`([)()]`" is not.

Write a function:

`int solution(NSString *S);`

that, given a string S consisting of N characters, returns 1 if S is properly nested and 0 otherwise.

For example, given S = "`{[()()]}`", the function should return 1 and given S = "`([)()]`", the function should return 0, as explained above.

Write an **efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..200,000];
- string S consists only of the following characters: "
`(`", "`{`", "`[`", "`]`", "`}`" and/or "`)`".

Copyright 2009–2022 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A string S consisting of N characters is considered to be *properly nested* if any of the following conditions is true:

- S is empty;
- S has the form "
`(U)`" or "`[U]`" or "`{U}`" where U is a properly nested string;
- S has the form "
`VW`" where V and W are properly nested strings.

For example, the string "`{[()()]}`" is properly nested but "`([)()]`" is not.

Write a function:

`function solution(S: PChar): longint;`

that, given a string S consisting of N characters, returns 1 if S is properly nested and 0 otherwise.

For example, given S = "`{[()()]}`", the function should return 1 and given S = "`([)()]`", the function should return 0, as explained above.

Write an **efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..200,000];
- string S consists only of the following characters: "
`(`", "`{`", "`[`", "`]`", "`}`" and/or "`)`".

Copyright 2009–2022 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A string S consisting of N characters is considered to be *properly nested* if any of the following conditions is true:

- S is empty;
- S has the form "
`(U)`" or "`[U]`" or "`{U}`" where U is a properly nested string;
- S has the form "
`VW`" where V and W are properly nested strings.

For example, the string "`{[()()]}`" is properly nested but "`([)()]`" is not.

Write a function:

`function solution($S);`

that, given a string S consisting of N characters, returns 1 if S is properly nested and 0 otherwise.

For example, given S = "`{[()()]}`", the function should return 1 and given S = "`([)()]`", the function should return 0, as explained above.

Write an **efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..200,000];
- string S consists only of the following characters: "
`(`", "`{`", "`[`", "`]`", "`}`" and/or "`)`".

Copyright 2009–2022 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A string S consisting of N characters is considered to be *properly nested* if any of the following conditions is true:

- S is empty;
- S has the form "
`(U)`" or "`[U]`" or "`{U}`" where U is a properly nested string;
- S has the form "
`VW`" where V and W are properly nested strings.

For example, the string "`{[()()]}`" is properly nested but "`([)()]`" is not.

Write a function:

`sub solution { my ($S)=@_; ... }`

that, given a string S consisting of N characters, returns 1 if S is properly nested and 0 otherwise.

For example, given S = "`{[()()]}`", the function should return 1 and given S = "`([)()]`", the function should return 0, as explained above.

Write an **efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..200,000];
- string S consists only of the following characters: "
`(`", "`{`", "`[`", "`]`", "`}`" and/or "`)`".

Copyright 2009–2022 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A string S consisting of N characters is considered to be *properly nested* if any of the following conditions is true:

- S is empty;
- S has the form "
`(U)`" or "`[U]`" or "`{U}`" where U is a properly nested string;
- S has the form "
`VW`" where V and W are properly nested strings.

For example, the string "`{[()()]}`" is properly nested but "`([)()]`" is not.

Write a function:

`def solution(S)`

that, given a string S consisting of N characters, returns 1 if S is properly nested and 0 otherwise.

For example, given S = "`{[()()]}`", the function should return 1 and given S = "`([)()]`", the function should return 0, as explained above.

Write an **efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..200,000];
- string S consists only of the following characters: "
`(`", "`{`", "`[`", "`]`", "`}`" and/or "`)`".

Copyright 2009–2022 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A string S consisting of N characters is considered to be *properly nested* if any of the following conditions is true:

- S is empty;
- S has the form "
`(U)`" or "`[U]`" or "`{U}`" where U is a properly nested string;
- S has the form "
`VW`" where V and W are properly nested strings.

For example, the string "`{[()()]}`" is properly nested but "`([)()]`" is not.

Write a function:

`def solution(s)`

that, given a string S consisting of N characters, returns 1 if S is properly nested and 0 otherwise.

For example, given S = "`{[()()]}`", the function should return 1 and given S = "`([)()]`", the function should return 0, as explained above.

Write an **efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..200,000];
- string S consists only of the following characters: "
`(`", "`{`", "`[`", "`]`", "`}`" and/or "`)`".

Copyright 2009–2022 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A string S consisting of N characters is considered to be *properly nested* if any of the following conditions is true:

- S is empty;
- S has the form "
`(U)`" or "`[U]`" or "`{U}`" where U is a properly nested string;
- S has the form "
`VW`" where V and W are properly nested strings.

For example, the string "`{[()()]}`" is properly nested but "`([)()]`" is not.

Write a function:

`object Solution { def solution(s: String): Int }`

that, given a string S consisting of N characters, returns 1 if S is properly nested and 0 otherwise.

For example, given S = "`{[()()]}`", the function should return 1 and given S = "`([)()]`", the function should return 0, as explained above.

Write an **efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..200,000];
- string S consists only of the following characters: "
`(`", "`{`", "`[`", "`]`", "`}`" and/or "`)`".

Copyright 2009–2022 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A string S consisting of N characters is considered to be *properly nested* if any of the following conditions is true:

- S is empty;
- S has the form "
`(U)`" or "`[U]`" or "`{U}`" where U is a properly nested string;
- S has the form "
`VW`" where V and W are properly nested strings.

For example, the string "`{[()()]}`" is properly nested but "`([)()]`" is not.

Write a function:

`public func solution(_ S : inout String) -> Int`

that, given a string S consisting of N characters, returns 1 if S is properly nested and 0 otherwise.

For example, given S = "`{[()()]}`", the function should return 1 and given S = "`([)()]`", the function should return 0, as explained above.

Write an **efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..200,000];
- string S consists only of the following characters: "
`(`", "`{`", "`[`", "`]`", "`}`" and/or "`)`".

Copyright 2009–2022 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

A string S consisting of N characters is considered to be *properly nested* if any of the following conditions is true:

- S is empty;
- S has the form "
`(U)`" or "`[U]`" or "`{U}`" where U is a properly nested string;
- S has the form "
`VW`" where V and W are properly nested strings.

For example, the string "`{[()()]}`" is properly nested but "`([)()]`" is not.

Write a function:

`Private Function solution(S As String) As Integer`

that, given a string S consisting of N characters, returns 1 if S is properly nested and 0 otherwise.

For example, given S = "`{[()()]}`", the function should return 1 and given S = "`([)()]`", the function should return 0, as explained above.

Write an **efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..200,000];
- string S consists only of the following characters: "
`(`", "`{`", "`[`", "`]`", "`}`" and/or "`)`".

Copyright 2009–2022 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.