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painless
Find the index S such that the leaders of the sequences A[0], A[1], ..., A[S] and A[S + 1], A[S + 2], ..., A[N - 1] are the same.
Programming language:

A non-empty array A consisting of N integers is given.

The leader of this array is the value that occurs in more than half of the elements of A.

An equi leader is an index S such that 0 ≤ S < N − 1 and two sequences A[0], A[1], ..., A[S] and A[S + 1], A[S + 2], ..., A[N − 1] have leaders of the same value.

For example, given array A such that:

A[0] = 4 A[1] = 3 A[2] = 4 A[3] = 4 A[4] = 4 A[5] = 2

we can find two equi leaders:

  • 0, because sequences: (4) and (3, 4, 4, 4, 2) have the same leader, whose value is 4.
  • 2, because sequences: (4, 3, 4) and (4, 4, 2) have the same leader, whose value is 4.

The goal is to count the number of equi leaders.

Write a function:

class Solution { public int solution(int[] A); }

that, given a non-empty array A consisting of N integers, returns the number of equi leaders.

For example, given:

A[0] = 4 A[1] = 3 A[2] = 4 A[3] = 4 A[4] = 4 A[5] = 2

the function should return 2, as explained above.

Write an efficient algorithm for the following assumptions:

  • N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
  • each element of array A is an integer within the range [−1,000,000,000..1,000,000,000].
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