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UPCOMING CHALLENGES:

Ruthenium 2019

CURRENT CHALLENGES:

Technetium 2019

PAST CHALLENGES

Molybdenum 2019

Niobium 2019

Zirconium 2019

Yttrium 2019

Strontium 2019

Rubidium 2018

Arsenicum 2018

Krypton 2018

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Future Mobility

Grand Challenge

Digital Gold

Selenium 2018

Germanium 2018

Gallium 2018

Zinc 2018

Cuprum 2018

Cutting Complexity

Nickel 2018

Cobaltum 2018

Ferrum 2018

Manganum 2017

Chromium 2017

Vanadium 2016

Titanium 2016

Scandium 2016

Calcium 2015

Kalium 2015

Argon 2015

Chlorum 2014

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Neon 2014

Fluorum 2014

Oxygenium 2014

Nitrogenium 2013

Carbo 2013

Boron 2013

Beryllium 2013

Lithium 2013

Helium 2013

Hydrogenium 2013

Omega 2013

Psi 2012

Chi 2012

Phi 2012

Upsilon 2012

Tau 2012

Sigma 2012

Rho 2012

Pi 2012

Omicron 2012

Xi 2012

Nu 2011

Mu 2011

Lambda 2011

Kappa 2011

Iota 2011

Theta 2011

Eta 2011

Zeta 2011

Epsilon 2011

Delta 2011

Gamma 2011

Beta 2010

Alpha 2010

Programming language:

A non-empty array A consisting of N integers is given.

A *peak* is an array element which is larger than its neighbours. More precisely, it is an index P such that 0 < P < N − 1 and A[P − 1] < A[P] > A[P + 1].

For example, the following array A:

has exactly four peaks: elements 1, 3, 5 and 10.

You are going on a trip to a range of mountains whose relative heights are represented by array A, as shown in a figure below. You have to choose how many flags you should take with you. The goal is to set the maximum number of flags on the peaks, according to certain rules.

Flags can only be set on peaks. What's more, if you take K flags, then the distance between any two flags should be greater than or equal to K. The distance between indices P and Q is the absolute value |P − Q|.

For example, given the mountain range represented by array A, above, with N = 12, if you take:

- two flags, you can set them on peaks 1 and 5;
- three flags, you can set them on peaks 1, 5 and 10;
- four flags, you can set only three flags, on peaks 1, 5 and 10.

You can therefore set a maximum of three flags in this case.

Write a function:

class Solution { public int solution(int[] A); }

that, given a non-empty array A of N integers, returns the maximum number of flags that can be set on the peaks of the array.

For example, the following array A:

the function should return 3, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [1..400,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..1,000,000,000].

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