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Compute the number of intersections in a sequence of discs.

Programming language:
Spoken language:

We draw N discs on a plane. The discs are numbered from 0 to N − 1. An array A of N non-negative integers, specifying the radiuses of the discs, is given. The J-th disc is drawn with its center at (J, 0) and radius A[J].

We say that the J-th disc and K-th disc intersect if J ≠ K and the J-th and K-th discs have at least one common point (assuming that the discs contain their borders).

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

int solution(int A[], int N);

that, given an array A describing N discs as explained above, returns the number of (unordered) pairs of intersecting discs. The function should return −1 if the number of intersecting pairs exceeds 10,000,000.

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

Copyright 2009–2019 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

We draw N discs on a plane. The discs are numbered from 0 to N − 1. An array A of N non-negative integers, specifying the radiuses of the discs, is given. The J-th disc is drawn with its center at (J, 0) and radius A[J].

We say that the J-th disc and K-th disc intersect if J ≠ K and the J-th and K-th discs have at least one common point (assuming that the discs contain their borders).

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

int solution(vector<int> &A);

that, given an array A describing N discs as explained above, returns the number of (unordered) pairs of intersecting discs. The function should return −1 if the number of intersecting pairs exceeds 10,000,000.

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

Copyright 2009–2019 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

We draw N discs on a plane. The discs are numbered from 0 to N − 1. An array A of N non-negative integers, specifying the radiuses of the discs, is given. The J-th disc is drawn with its center at (J, 0) and radius A[J].

We say that the J-th disc and K-th disc intersect if J ≠ K and the J-th and K-th discs have at least one common point (assuming that the discs contain their borders).

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

class Solution { public int solution(int[] A); }

that, given an array A describing N discs as explained above, returns the number of (unordered) pairs of intersecting discs. The function should return −1 if the number of intersecting pairs exceeds 10,000,000.

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

Copyright 2009–2019 by Codility Limited. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized copying, publication or disclosure prohibited.

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

func Solution(A []int) int

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

class Solution { public int solution(int[] A); }

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

function solution(A);

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

fun solution(A: IntArray): Int

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

function solution(A)

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

Note: All arrays in this task are zero-indexed, unlike the common Lua convention. You can use `#A` to get the length of the array A.

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

int solution(NSMutableArray *A);

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

function solution(A: array of longint; N: longint): longint;

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

function solution($A);

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

sub solution { my (@A)=@_; ... }

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

def solution(A)

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

def solution(a)

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

object Solution { def solution(a: Array[Int]): Int }

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

public func solution(_ A : inout [Int]) -> Int

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

The figure below shows discs drawn for N = 6 and A as follows:

There are eleven (unordered) pairs of discs that intersect, namely:

- discs 1 and 4 intersect, and both intersect with all the other discs;
- disc 2 also intersects with discs 0 and 3.

Write a function:

Private Function solution(A As Integer()) As Integer

Given array A shown above, the function should return 11, as explained above.

Write an ** efficient** algorithm for the following assumptions:

- N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..2,147,483,647].

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