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painless
Given a table A of N integers from 0 to N-1 calculate the smallest such index P, that that {A[0],...,A[N-1]} = {A[0],...,A[P]}.
Programming language: Spoken language:

A non-empty array A consisting of N integers is given. The first covering prefix of array A is the smallest integer P such that 0≤P<N and such that every value that occurs in array A also occurs in sequence A[0], A[1], ..., A[P].

For example, the first covering prefix of the following 5−element array A:

A[0] = 2 A[1] = 2 A[2] = 1 A[3] = 0 A[4] = 1

is 3, because sequence [ A[0], A[1], A[2], A[3] ] equal to [2, 2, 1, 0], contains all values that occur in array A.

Write a function

class Solution { public int solution(int[] A); }

that, given a non-empty array A consisting of N integers, returns the first covering prefix of A.

For example, given array A such that

A[0] = 2 A[1] = 2 A[2] = 1 A[3] = 0 A[4] = 1

the function should return 3, as explained above.

Write an efficient algorithm for the following assumptions:

  • N is an integer within the range [1..1,000,000];
  • each element of array A is an integer within the range [0..N−1].
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